Symptom of GERD
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a digestive disorder that affects the Lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which is a ring of muscle between the esophagus tract of food from the mouth to the stomach) and stomach. Many people, including pregnant women, suffer from heartburn or acid caused by GERD. Doctors believe that some people suffer from GERD due to a condition called hiatal hernia. In most cases, heartburn can be reduced through changes in diet and lifestyle, but some people may require medication or surgery.
The main symptom of GERD is heartburn (heartburn), regurgitation (acid reflux) and nausea. Heartburn is usually depicted with a sense of heat and burning pain in the center of the chest.
Heartburn can occur from the upper abdomen to the neck.
Heartburn pain can mimic a heart attack and can spread to the back. Usually the heartburn associated with GERD will look after eating. The symptoms of GERD may include:
- Hoarseness. If acid reflux esophagus passes over, then he can go in the throat (pharynx) and even the voice box (larynx), causing hoarseness or sore throat.
- Sore throat
- Chronic dry cough, especially at night. GERD is a common cause of unexplained cough.
- Asthma. Some nerves are stimulated by acid reflux stimulates nerves to the lungs, which can lead to small breathing tubes to narrow, resulting in an asthma attack.
- Feel as if there is a lump in your throat
- Breath odor
- Chest pain
Whereas in children, symptoms of GERD that looks can be:
- Vomiting repeatedly
- Problems with breathing
- Failure to grow and thrive
The cause of GERD is the return (reflux) of stomach acid into the esophagus. Normally there is a muscle in the lower esophagus to close after food into the stomach.
In the case of GERD, the muscles weaken so that stomach acid in the stomach should be finally climbed up into the esophagus and irritate the area.
Some things that can increase the risk of GERD are:
The easiest way to recognize heartburn and GERD are heartburn. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor will usually give medications to suppress the production of acid by the stomach. If heartburn is reduced, then the possibility of the disease is GERD.Pendekatan was conducted to obtain early diagnosis of symptoms and commonly called therapeutic trial (therapeutic trial).
Most doctors will recommend an antacid as first-line treatment. Commonly used antacid to neutralize stomach acid. If antacids do not function potent, drug-drug class H2-receptor blockers or proton pump inhibitor class used for the treatment of GERD cases.
If treatment with medication is not successful then the doctor will consider surgery procedure, which aims to strengthen or prevent the reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus.